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Skin Cancers

image of women applying sunscreen to her faceThe uncontrolled growth of skin cells, more commonly known as skin cancer, is among the most often forms of cancer diagnosed each year. This condition can be further classified into a number of subsets. Regardless of the types of skin cancers, Johns Creek Dermatology can help treat the condition.

The most common kind of skin cancer is called basal cell carcinoma. This subset of cancer is slow growing and typically occurs in patients that are 40 or older. Basal cells are typical cells of the skin that can later become cancerous, commonly on the scalp and other parts of the body often exposed to the sun. Patients with light hair, eye color and skin color are more likely to develop this form of cancer, as well as those who are overexposed to x-rays.

Though basal cell carcinoma can spread to other local tissue, it is not common for it to spread throughout the entire body. A symptom of skin cancers of this type is having a skin lesion that looks waxy or like a pearl; it may also be slightly raised or flat on the skin. As for the color, it may be brown, flesh-colored, light pink or white, and it might also have visible blood cells on or around it.

Another sign that one may have cancer is developing a lesion that appears like a scar but doesn’t appear to be related to an injury, as well as developing a sore that does not heal. Any kind of suspicious skin lesion warrants speaking with a doctor. The size, color, border and absence of symmetry can indicate cancer.

Another form of skin cancer that develops in the middle layer is known as squamous cell carcinoma. This type is more likely to spread throughout the body and is considered to be far more aggressive than its basal cell counterpart. This is more likely to occur in those 50 or older and can occur in both normal or injured skin.

Melanoma is a well-known type of skin cancer. While it is not very common to develop, it is more deadly than its other forms. There are four subsets of melanoma as well, each of which vary depending on where the cancer developed, the age of the patient and the type of person that the lesions have affected. Depending on the kind of melanoma involved, the standard option at Johns Creek Dermatology is to have the skin cancer removed surgically. Sometimes, chemotherapy or radiation treatments are necessary.