The exact cause of varicose veins and spider veins is unknown. However, there are certain factors that may make you more susceptible in developing this very common problem, which afflicts more females than males.
One of the known factors is pregnancy. Increased blood volume in pregnancy distends veins, causing blood to pool from valve dysfunction. The expanding uterus can compress veins, causing even more vein pressure. Thankfully, varicose veins that develop in pregnancy can spontaneously improve — or even completely resolve — within the first year after delivery.
Family history also plays a role in the development of varicose veins and spider veins. If your mother has varicose veins, there is a high indication you may as well.
Other factors traced to varicose and spider veins include a sedentary lifestyle, prolonged standing or sitting, chronic constipation, birth control pills, obesity and restrictive clothing. All of these can contribute to the development of unhealthy veins.
But what can you do to prevent this condition from happening to you? Your physician can offer advice and outline some guidelines that may help prevent the development of varicose and spider veins. Advice includes elevating your legs when possible, and keeping your feet higher than your heart.
Daily exercise that includes walking, climbing and cycling are all excellent ways to keep your leg and calf muscles activated. When you are seated, move your legs frequently, flexing ankles from time to time. Maintaining your ideal body weight also helps to reduce excess pressure on your legs and prevent valve compression.
Once unhealthy veins develop, there are many options to help treat varicose veins, including sclerotherapy and Veinwave. Your dermatologist will be able to help diagnose and offer treatment solutions specific to your condition, allowing you the option to bare your legs in public without embarrassment or cover ups.